Paytm CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma’s Fixation On Turning in A File IPO Led To A First-Day Flop


Vijay Sharma’s grand ambition to make Paytm’s IPO nation’s largest-ever backfired.

Vijay Shekhar Sharma wiped away tears of pleasure as he recounted his upward push from a “commoner” to the chief of a virtual bills large that simply finished India’s biggest-ever preliminary public providing.

“The goals of a tender nation are with me,” stated the founder and leader govt officer of One 97 Communications Ltd., operator of the Paytm carrier, earlier than hanging the hole gong on the Bombay Inventory Trade at 10 a.m. native time on Thursday.

By way of 11 a.m., Sharma’s long-anticipated popping out birthday celebration had become some of the worst opening days for a blockbuster tech checklist because the dot-com bubble. The inventory’s 27% plunge stunned even some Paytm pessimists, casting doubt on a record-breaking run for Indian equities and leaving Sharma — and his underwriters — to stand tricky questions on what went incorrect with the $2.5 billion fundraising.

The quick solution is that Sharma’s grand ambition to make Paytm’s IPO the rustic’s largest-ever backfired. The founder had made no secret of the truth that he sought after his corporate’s debut to surpass the long-standing IPO listing set by means of Coal India Ltd. in 2010. Certainly, there can be symbolism in a startup that processes bills in bits eclipsing the state-run mining large. 

As an alternative, Paytm now appears a instance of shocking overreach. The corporate, with make stronger from main banks like Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs Staff Inc., driven up each the fee and the dimensions of the inventory providing to the snapping point. Retail buyers who piled into the providing are actually sitting on heavy losses, along side international giants like BlackRock Inc. and the Canada Pension Plan Funding Board.

“There was a euphoria round IPOs in India, supported by means of the bull-run in shares and humans were given over excited by means of it,” stated Nikhil Kamath, co-founder of Zerodha Broking Ltd., the rustic’s biggest brokerage. “For Paytm, the runway for his or her profitability is just too lengthy and does not justify the far-fetched pricing.”


After all, Sharma sees issues in a different way. 

“I have by no means felt extra excited, positive and hooked in to the longer term,” the 43-year-old stated in an interview simply as Paytm stocks sank on Thursday. The droop is “no indicator of the price of our corporate.”

Certainly, the corporate he began with a $100,000 mortgage twenty years in the past now has billions of greenbacks in coins to fund its ambitions of serving one thousand million consumers in probably the most promising markets on the planet. Sharma, who owns 12% of the corporate after promoting stocks within the IPO, has a internet value of $2.5 billion, in step with the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.

“We’re in it for the lengthy haul,” Sharma stated. “We’re going to put our heads down and execute.”

Rocky IPOs don’t seem to be all the time signs of the longer term. Fb, not too long ago renamed Meta Platforms Inc., misplaced greater than part its worth within the months after its 2012 checklist in New York. IPO buyers who caught with the corporate are actually sitting on positive factors of just about 800%.

Sharma’s non-public adventure has run in sync with the upward push of the cell web and the transfer from function telephones to smartphones. The son of a college instructor, he grew up in a the town in Aligarh, in central India, and studied engineering in New Delhi, the place he taught himself English by means of being attentive to rock tune and studying textual content books with their Hindi translations. 

He based One 97 in 2000 as a text-based people-search carrier — 197 is India’s hotline for telephone inquiries. The trade quickly started offering cricket rankings, Bollywood information and horoscopes by means of textual content messages to function telephones.

Paytm, whose title rhymes with ATM and is shorthand for Pay Thru Cell, began in 2011 essentially to lend a hand customers upload credit score to their pay as you go telephones earlier than it all started to perform a virtual pockets carrier in 2014. Its bills carrier in reality took off in 2016, when India’s govt invalidated lots of the nation’s financial institution notes so that you could do away with unlawful transactions.

Now, Paytm has 337 million customers depending on it for economic and e-commerce transactions. It supplies virtual loans, insurance coverage, wealth control and stockbroking amenities in a rustic with an under-developed banking community. Previous this week, the company started providing voice buying and selling, leveraging synthetic intelligence to permit customers to shop for and promote stocks with voice instructions.

“India is the most important and highest fintech alternative on the planet,” Sharma stated in an interview forward of the checklist. “If 2010 was once the beginning of an epochal decade for Chinese language marketers development international tech firms, 2021 would be the get started of a an identical decade for Indian tech startups.” 


Paytm, the Indian virtual bills pioneer sponsored by means of SoftBank Staff Corp., is looking for popularity of a $2.2 billion preliminary public providing which may be India’s biggest.

Critics puzzled Paytm’s talent to reside as much as such lofty guarantees even earlier than the overall IPO pricing. Whilst gross sales at its core bills and financial-services arm rose 11% within the yr resulted in March, total earnings dropped 10% amid intensifying festival, the corporate reported in July. 

Paytm turns out to run on “hyperbolic forecasts from its founder and best control” which can be off by means of an element of 3 or 4, Aswath Damodaran, a professor of finance at New York College’s Stern Faculty of Industry wrote on BloombergQuint this month. “Get admission to to capital from its deep pocketed buyers, particularly Alibaba, turns out to have made this corporate informal about its trade style and profitability, even by means of younger, tech corporate requirements.”

Alibaba Staff Protecting Ltd. and its Ant Staff Co. associate had been amongst One 97’s early buyers, along side Japan’s SoftBank Staff Corp.

Paytm and its backers then stretched its valuation all over the IPO procedure, underestimating the significance of forged call for from retail and establishments, in step with bankers conversant in the subject. It priced stocks at 2,150 rupees a work, on the best finish of its vary. In an early signal of hassle, the IPO wasn’t absolutely subscribed the primary days that stocks had been presented — a rarity for offers in red-hot India. 

Paytm failed to go away sufficient cash at the desk to present buyers an incentive to shop for in, a lesson for the longer term, stated some of the bankers at the deal, asking to not be named as a result of the main points are personal. Now, Paytm will face quarter-by-quarter adventure to turn out its potentialities to buyers and it must goal turning successful within the subsequent 12 to 18 months, the banker stated.

Underwriters Morgan Stanley, Axis Capital Holdings Ltd. and HDFC Financial institution Ltd. did not right away reply to emails in search of remark. Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan Chase & Co., Citigroup Inc. and ICICI Securities Ltd. declined to remark.

Indians took to social media to voice their frustration — and schadenfreude. One four-photo montage used many times confirmed a person going from euphoria to depression with the phrases, “When U get IPO allocated after a very long time, however its Paytm..”

There’s skepticism that Paytm can get better temporarily. Forward of the checklist, Macquarie Capital Securities (India) Pvt. Ltd. revealed a document, starting up protection at the corporate with an “underperform” ranking and a value goal of one,200 rupees, 44% not up to the problem worth. It termed Paytm a “coins burning system” with its bills trade a “loss chief.”

“Making an allowance for Paytm’s closely cash-burning trade style, no transparent trail to profitability, huge regulatory dangers to the trade and questionable company governance, we imagine the corporate is overestimated on the higher finish of worth band of two,150 rupees,” analysts Suresh Ganapathy and Param Subramanian wrote within the word.

The corporate’s problem can be to construct scale with profitability. In keeping with Macquarie, the patron and mortgage distribution, at highest, is just a more or less $350 million alternative.

“Paytm has to lend, i.e., use its personal stability sheet to make loans and do this profitably for which it wishes a banking license, credit score underwriting revel in and assortment infrastructure, all of that are missing at this time,” the word stated.

–With the aid of Venus Feng, Jeanette Rodrigues, Stefania Bianchi, Shikhar Balwani and Cecile Vannucci.

(This tale has no longer been edited by means of NDTV workforce and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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